Divine Essence

Mar 7th, 2013 | By admin | Category: Religion

The Characteristics of

Divine Essence


God is all-powerful, limitless in ability: “Great is our Lord, and of great power…” (Psa. 147:5; cf. Gen. 17:1; 18:14; Psa. 24:8; 93:1; Isa. 40:26; 50:2; Jer. 27:5; 32:19; Matt. 19:26). God has a power which, like His love, is totally devoid of human props. We usually associate power with the physical body; but God does not need muscles - He doesn’t even have a body!

God is also limitless in His authority. By His power He rules and upholds all things (1 Chron. 29:11, 12; Psa. 33:9; 66:7a; Rom. 13:1; Heb. 1:3). The only limit to God’s power is negative volition on the part of angels and mankind. God’s power and authority are manifested in many ways. The creation of the universe and the restoration of the earth are among the greatest demonstrations of His power (Gen. 1; Jer. 32:17). Others include His works in regard to Israel, such as the dividing of the Red Sea (Psa. 74:13) and the conquering of their enemies (Joshua and Judges; 2 Chron. 25:8).

God is mighty to save (Neh. 1:10; Heb. 7:25); and to those who believe in Christ He makes known “what is the exceeding greatness of his power …according to the working of his mighty power” (Eph. 1:19). He is mighty to keep the believer (1 Pet. 1:5). Nothing and no one - not even Satan himself - can remove us from this earth, with the exception of our own volition (suicide), until it is the Lord’s time for us to go home. The Lord God omnipotent says to all believers, “Behold, I am the Lord, the God of all flesh: is there any thing too hard for me?” (Jer. 32:27). When we learn to apply this, we will respond with Job, “I KNOW that thou canst DO EVERYTHING…” (Job 42:2), and we will relax in the knowledge that “with God NOTHING shall be impossible” (Luke 1:37).


God is perfect and absolute stability: “…the everlasting God, the Lord, the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary…” (Isa. 40:28). He cannot change (Psa. 102:26,27; Mal. 3:6; Heb. 1:12). This shows us something of God’s thinking in eternity past when He contemplated man’s sin and its solution. Since righteousness cannot have anything to do with a sinner and justice can only condemn sin, God could not love sinful man without compromising His righteousness and justice. External life cannot die in behalf of man, omnipresence cannot reduce itself to one point (the Cross), and immutability cannot change. But grace found a way to save us through God becoming man. As true humanity, Jesus Christ would not be restricted to the infinite attributes of deity, and therefore He could pay the penalty of sin by being judged for the sins of the world. God the Father was satisfied with the work of Christ on our behalf so that now He does not compromise any of His essence in loving us. Immutability ties it all together. Because of His immutability His love is unchangeable; because of His eternal life His love is undying and enduring.